“Debating Slavery in the Arab Middle East: Abolition between Muslim Reformers and Conservatives,” In Behnaz Mirzai Asl, Ismael M. Montana and Paul E. Lovejoy (eds.), Islam, Slavery and Diaspora (Trenton NJ: Africa World Press, 2009): 139-153.
This article analyzes a polemical defense of slavery made in refutation of the progressive reformist Muhammad Abduh (d.1905) by the Ottoman Shafiʿi judge and Sufi sheikh Yusuf al-Nabhani (1849-1932), grandfather of Taqiudeen (1909-77), the founder of Hizb ut-Tahrir.
Quote from the Hanafi traditionalist Mustafa Sabri (1869-1954) cited in The Inevitable Caliphate? by former Hizb ut-Tahrir Islamist Reza Pankhurst
Quote from the traditional Maliki exegete al-Qurtubi (d.1273) cited in The Inevitable Caliphate? by former Hizb ut-Tahrir Islamist Reza Pankhurst. Other premodern scholars used by Islamists include the Shafiʿi al-Mawardi, the Hanbali Abu Yaʿla, and others