Thursday, May 4, 2017

Traditionalist Roots of Islamism (I)

“Debating Slavery in the Arab Middle East: Abolition between Muslim Reformers and Conservatives,” In Behnaz Mirzai Asl, Ismael M. Montana and Paul E. Lovejoy (eds.), Islam, Slavery and Diaspora (Trenton NJ: Africa World Press, 2009): 139-153.

This article analyzes a polemical defense of slavery made in refutation of the progressive reformist Muhammad Abduh (d.1905) by the Ottoman Shafiʿi judge and Sufi sheikh Yusuf al-Nabhani (1849-1932), grandfather of Taqiudeen (1909-77), the founder of Hizb ut-Tahrir.

Quote from the Hanafi traditionalist Mustafa Sabri (1869-1954) cited in The Inevitable Caliphate? by former Hizb ut-Tahrir Islamist Reza Pankhurst

Quote from the traditional Maliki exegete al-Qurtubi (d.1273) cited in The Inevitable Caliphate? by former Hizb ut-Tahrir Islamist Reza Pankhurst. Other premodern scholars used by Islamists include the Shafiʿi al-Mawardi, the Hanbali Abu Yaʿla, and others

Traditionalist Roots of Islamism (II)

Stamps from the Islamic Republic of Iran showing support for Egyptian Islamists

1984 stamp of literary critic turned Islamist ideologue Sayyid Qutb (1906-1966)

Stamp of Khalid Islambouli, assassin of Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and a leader of the Egyptian Islamic Jihad, a group which under Ayman al-Zawahiri later merged with al-Qaeda

A street named after Islambouli in Tehran

In an interview with Mike Wallace aired on December 18, 1979, Ayatollah Khomeini issued the following statement: "Sadat states he is a Muslim and we are not. He is not, for he compromises with the enemies of Islam. Sadat has united with our enemies. I demand that the Egyptian people try to overthrow him, just as we did with the Shah"