Tuesday, November 29, 2016

Manuscript Collections and Transnational Ulema Editors of the Twentieth Century (3)


Salih al-Jaʿfari (seated on left, 1910-1979), editor of the complete works of Ahmad b. Idris al-Fasi (founder of the Muhammadiyya Sufi order, 1760-1837)

Grand Imam of al-Azhar (and Sorbonne graduate in philosophy, class of 1940) Abd al-Halim Mahmud (seated on right, 1910-1978), editor of al-Qushayri's (986-1074) "Epistle on Sufism," "The Aphorisms" of Ibn Ata Allah al-Iskandari al-Shadhili (1259-1310),  "The Book of Truthfulness" by Abu Saʿid al-Kharraz (d. 899), "The Knowledge of the Spiritually Learned" by al-Suhrawardi (1145-1234), and "Obeying God's Rights" by Harith al-Muhasibi (781-857)

Saturday, November 26, 2016

Manuscript Collections and Scholar-Editors of the Twentieth Century (2)

M. Zahid al-Kawthari (1879-1951, right), the former Deputy to the Ottoman Şeyhülislam, with his student Abd al-Fattah Abu Ghuddah (1917-1997, left) on Abdel Aziz Street, Cairo ca. 1947


Works edited by al-Kawthari (taken from "Imam Zahid al-Kawthari by Dr. G.F. Haddad"):

Al-Bayadi’s Isharat al-Maram min ‘Ibarat al-Imam

Al-Bayhaqi’s al-Asma’ wa al-Sifat

Al-Ghaznawi’s (d. 773) al-Ghurra al-Munifa fi Tahqiq Ba‘d Masa’il al-Imam Abi Hanifa

Ibn ‘Asakir’s Tabyin Kadhib al-Muftari ‘ala Abi al-Hasan al-Ash‘ari

Ibn Qutayba’s Al-Ikhtilaf fi al Lafz wa al-Radd ‘ala al-Jahmiyya wa al-Mushabbiha ("The Difference of Opinion Concerning the Pronunciation [of the Qur’an] and the Refutation of the Jahmis and the Anthropomorphists").

Ibn Qatlubagha’s (d. 879) Munyat al-Alma‘i fima Fata min Takhrij Ahadith al-Hidaya li al-Zayla‘i, a continuation of al-Zayla‘i’s Nasb al-Raya in the documentation of Al-Nabulusi’s (d. 1143) Kashf al-Satr ‘an Fardiyya al-Watr ("The Disclosure of the Obligatory Nature of the Witr Prayer")

Al-Qaysarani’s, Shurut al-A’imma al-Sitta ("The Criteria [of Hadith Authentication] According to the Six Imams: al-Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawud, al-Tirmidhi, al-Nasa’i, and Ibn Majah") together with al-Hazimi’s Shurut al-A’imma al-Khamsa ("The Criteria [of Hadith Authentication] According to the Five Imams: al-Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawud, al-Tirmidhi, and al-Nasa’i").

Al-Shafi‘i’s Musnad and his Ahkam al-Qur’an.

Sibt Ibn al-Jawzi’s al-Intisar wa al-Tarjih li al-Madhhab al-Sahih ("The Defense and Advocacy of the True School of Law") in praise of Abu Hanifa and his school.

Al-Tahawi’s ‘Aqida.

Ibn al-Jawzi’s Daf‘ Shubah al-Tashbih ("The Repelling of the Insinuations of Anthropomorphism at the Hands of Divine Transcendence")

Tabdid al-Zalam, al-Kawthari’s commentary on al-Subki’s refutation of Ibn Qayyim entitled al-Sayf al-Saqil fi al-Radd ‘ala Ibn Zafil.

In Addition To:

Ibn Hazm, An-Nubadh Fi Usul Al-Fiqh Az-Zahiri, ed. by Muhammad Zahid al-Kawthari, (Cairo, Maktbat al-Anwar, 1940)




Works Edited by Abu Ghuddah (taken from "The Books of Shaikh Abdulfattah Aboghodda"):

 al-Raf` wa al-Takmil fi al-Jarh wa al-Ta`dil. The sum of elevation and completion concerning the science of narrator-authentication. By Imam (Mohammad Abdul Hai) al-Lucknowi. 3rd ed. 564 p.

al-Ajwiba al-Fadila li al-As'ila al-`Ashra al-Kamila fi `Ulum al-Hadith. The excellent answers to the ten questions on the sciences of hadith. By Imam (Mohammad Abdul Hai) al-Lucknowi. 3rd ed.

Iqamat al-Hujja `ala anna al-Ikthar fi al-Ta`abbud Laysa bi Bid`a. The establishment of the great proof whereby abundance in acts of devotion is not an innovation. By Imam (Mohammad Abdul Hai) al-Lucknowi. 3rd ed.

Risalat al-Mustarshidin. Treatise for the Seekers of Guidance. By Imam al-Harith ibn Asad al-Muhasibi. 8th ed. Beirut 1415.

al-Tasrih bi ma Tawatara fi Nuzul al-Masih. The declaration of the highly authentic reports on the descent of the Christ. By Imam Mohammad Anwar Shah al-Kashmiri. 5th ed.

al-Ihkam fi Tamyiz al-Fatawa `an al-Ahkam wa Tasarrufat al-Qadi wa al Imam. Exactitude in distinguishing religious opinions from legal rulings and the action of the judge from that of the imam. By Malkite faqih Imam Shihab al-Din Abu al-`Abbas al-Qarafi. 2nd ed.

Fath Bab al-`Inaya bi Sharh Kitab al-Niqaya. Opening the gate of painstaking study: commentary on the "Book of the Selections" in Hanafi jurisprudence. By Imam `Ali al-Qari. Part One.

al-Manar al-Munif fi al-Sahih wa al-Da`if. The lofty beacon on sound and weak narrations. By Imam Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya. 5th ed.

al-Masnu` fi Ma`rifat al-Hadith al-Mawdu`. The well-tended treatise on knowing forged narrations. By Imam `Ali al-Qari. 3rd ed.

Fiqh Ahl al-`Iraq wa Hadithuhum. The Jurisprudence of the scholars of Iraq and the narrations that have reached them. By the Verifying Imam Mohammad Zahid al-Kawthari. 2nd ed.

Khulasat Tadhhib Tahdhib al-Kamal fi Asma' al-Rijal. The epitome of the hadith master al-Khazraji's "Teaching of the Emendation of the book entitled: The Completion"; which concerns the biographies of narrators and which is the best of the abridged books on the topic, containing a biography of the author Al-Hafiz Al-Khazraji. 5th ed.

Qawa`id fi `Ulum al-Hadith. Foundations of hadith science. By the savant Zafar Ahmad al-`Uthmanal-Tahanawi. 6th ed.

Qa`ida fi al-Jarh wa al-Ta`dil wa Qa`ida fi al-Mu'arrikhin. Basic manual on narrator-authentication; basic manual on Islamic historians. By Taj al-Din al-Subki. 5th ed.

al-Mutakallimun fi al-Rijal. The experts in narrator-authentication. By the hafiz and historian `Abd al-Rahman al-Sakhawi. 4th ed.

Dhikru man Yu`tamadu Qawluhu fi Al-Jarh wa al-Ta`dil. Those whose opinions in narrator-authentication are relied upon. By the hafiz and historian al-Imam al-Dhahabi. 4th ed.

In Addition To:

Muʿjam Fiqh Ibn Hazm al-Ẓahirī (1984)

Risala al-Ulfa bayna al-Muslimin (by Ibn Taymiyya) wa yaliyha Risala fi al-Imama (by Ibn Hazm). On the Obligation to Respect Differences in Madhhab (Schools of Thought and Practice)



Friday, November 18, 2016

Manuscript Collections and Transnational Ulema Editors of the Twentieth Century (1)

Circa 1920s, Morocco: Abd al-Hayy al-Kettani (1884-1962, front row-left) with Abu Shuayb al-Dukkali (1878-1937, front row-center), Muhammad b. al-Mufaddal Gharit al-Andalusi al-Fasi (1881-1944, front row-right), and student of al-Dukkali Muhammad b. al-Arabi al-Alawi (1880-1964, back row-right), Abd al-Rahman b. Zaydan al-Alawi al-Meknasi (back row-center), and al-Tayyib al-Uqbi al-Jaza'iri (back row-left).