Tuesday, November 29, 2016

Manuscript Collections and Transnational Ulema Editors of the Twentieth Century (3)

Salih al-Jaʿfari (seated on left, 1910-1979), editor of the complete works of Ahmad b. Idris al-Fasi (founder of the Muhammadiyya Sufi order, 1760-1837) with the Grand Imam of al-Azhar Abd al-Halim Mahmud (seated on right, 1910-1978), editor of al-Qushayri's (986-1074) "Epistle on Sufism," "The Aphorisms" of Ibn Ata Allah al-Iskandari al-Shadhili (1259-1310),  "The Book of Truthfulness" by Abu Saʿid al-Kharraz (d. 899), "The Knowledge of the Spiritually Learned" by al-Suhrawardi (1145-1234), and "Obeying God's Rights" by Harith al-Muhasibi (781-857)

Saturday, November 26, 2016

Manuscript Collections and Transnational Ulema Editors of the Twentieth Century (2)

M. Zahid al-Kawthari (1879-1951, right), the former Deputy to the Ottoman Şeyhülislam, with his student Abd al-Fattah Abu Ghuddah (1917-1997, left) on Abdel Aziz Street, Cairo ca. 1947


Works edited by al-Kawthari (taken from "Imam Zahid al-Kawthari by Dr. G.F. Haddad"):

Al-Bayadi’s Isharat al-Maram min ‘Ibarat al-Imam

Al-Bayhaqi’s al-Asma’ wa al-Sifat

Al-Ghaznawi’s (d. 773) al-Ghurra al-Munifa fi Tahqiq Ba‘d Masa’il al-Imam Abi Hanifa

Ibn ‘Asakir’s Tabyin Kadhib al-Muftari ‘ala Abi al-Hasan al-Ash‘ari

Ibn Qutayba’s Al-Ikhtilaf fi al Lafz wa al-Radd ‘ala al-Jahmiyya wa al-Mushabbiha ("The Difference of Opinion Concerning the Pronunciation [of the Qur’an] and the Refutation of the Jahmis and the Anthropomorphists").

Ibn Qatlubagha’s (d. 879) Munyat al-Alma‘i fima Fata min Takhrij Ahadith al-Hidaya li al-Zayla‘i, a continuation of al-Zayla‘i’s Nasb al-Raya in the documentation of Al-Nabulusi’s (d. 1143) Kashf al-Satr ‘an Fardiyya al-Watr ("The Disclosure of the Obligatory Nature of the Witr Prayer")

Al-Qaysarani’s, Shurut al-A’imma al-Sitta ("The Criteria [of Hadith Authentication] According to the Six Imams: al-Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawud, al-Tirmidhi, al-Nasa’i, and Ibn Majah") together with al-Hazimi’s Shurut al-A’imma al-Khamsa ("The Criteria [of Hadith Authentication] According to the Five Imams: al-Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawud, al-Tirmidhi, and al-Nasa’i").

Al-Shafi‘i’s Musnad and his Ahkam al-Qur’an.

Sibt Ibn al-Jawzi’s al-Intisar wa al-Tarjih li al-Madhhab al-Sahih ("The Defense and Advocacy of the True School of Law") in praise of Abu Hanifa and his school.

Al-Tahawi’s ‘Aqida.

Ibn al-Jawzi’s Daf‘ Shubah al-Tashbih ("The Repelling of the Insinuations of Anthropomorphism at the Hands of Divine Transcendence")

Tabdid al-Zalam, al-Kawthari’s commentary on al-Subki’s refutation of Ibn Qayyim entitled al-Sayf al-Saqil fi al-Radd ‘ala Ibn Zafil.


Works Edited by Abu Ghuddah (taken from "The Books of Shaikh Abdulfattah Aboghodda"):

 al-Raf` wa al-Takmil fi al-Jarh wa al-Ta`dil. The sum of elevation and completion concerning the science of narrator-authentication. By Imam (Mohammad Abdul Hai) al-Lucknowi. 3rd ed. 564 p.

al-Ajwiba al-Fadila li al-As'ila al-`Ashra al-Kamila fi `Ulum al-Hadith. The excellent answers to the ten questions on the sciences of hadith. By Imam (Mohammad Abdul Hai) al-Lucknowi. 3rd ed.

Iqamat al-Hujja `ala anna al-Ikthar fi al-Ta`abbud Laysa bi Bid`a. The establishment of the great proof whereby abundance in acts of devotion is not an innovation. By Imam (Mohammad Abdul Hai) al-Lucknowi. 3rd ed.

Risalat al-Mustarshidin. Treatise for the Seekers of Guidance. By Imam al-Harith ibn Asad al-Muhasibi. 8th ed. Beirut 1415.

al-Tasrih bi ma Tawatara fi Nuzul al-Masih. The declaration of the highly authentic reports on the descent of the Christ. By Imam Mohammad Anwar Shah al-Kashmiri. 5th ed.

al-Ihkam fi Tamyiz al-Fatawa `an al-Ahkam wa Tasarrufat al-Qadi wa al Imam. Exactitude in distinguishing religious opinions from legal rulings and the action of the judge from that of the imam. By Malkite faqih Imam Shihab al-Din Abu al-`Abbas al-Qarafi. 2nd ed.

Fath Bab al-`Inaya bi Sharh Kitab al-Niqaya. Opening the gate of painstaking study: commentary on the "Book of the Selections" in Hanafi jurisprudence. By Imam `Ali al-Qari. Part One.

al-Manar al-Munif fi al-Sahih wa al-Da`if. The lofty beacon on sound and weak narrations. By Imam Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya. 5th ed.

al-Masnu` fi Ma`rifat al-Hadith al-Mawdu`. The well-tended treatise on knowing forged narrations. By Imam `Ali al-Qari. 3rd ed.

Fiqh Ahl al-`Iraq wa Hadithuhum. The Jurisprudence of the scholars of Iraq and the narrations that have reached them. By the Verifying Imam Mohammad Zahid al-Kawthari. 2nd ed.

Khulasat Tadhhib Tahdhib al-Kamal fi Asma' al-Rijal. The epitome of the hadith master al-Khazraji's "Teaching of the Emendation of the book entitled: The Completion"; which concerns the biographies of narrators and which is the best of the abridged books on the topic, containing a biography of the author Al-Hafiz Al-Khazraji. 5th ed.

Qawa`id fi `Ulum al-Hadith. Foundations of hadith science. By the savant Zafar Ahmad al-`Uthmanal-Tahanawi. 6th ed.

Qa`ida fi al-Jarh wa al-Ta`dil wa Qa`ida fi al-Mu'arrikhin. Basic manual on narrator-authentication; basic manual on Islamic historians. By Taj al-Din al-Subki. 5th ed.

al-Mutakallimun fi al-Rijal. The experts in narrator-authentication. By the hafiz and historian `Abd al-Rahman al-Sakhawi. 4th ed.

Dhikru man Yu`tamadu Qawluhu fi Al-Jarh wa al-Ta`dil. Those whose opinions in narrator-authentication are relied upon. By the hafiz and historian al-Imam al-Dhahabi. 4th ed.

Friday, November 18, 2016

Manuscript Collections and Transnational Ulema Editors of the Twentieth Century (1)

Circa 1920s, Morocco: Abd al-Hayy al-Kettani (1884-1962, front row-left) with Abu Shuayb al-Dukkali (1878-1937, front row-center), Muhammad b. al-Mufaddal Gharit al-Andalusi al-Fasi (1881-1944, front row-right), and student of al-Dukkali Muhammad b. al-Arabi al-Alawi (1880-1964, back row-right), Abd al-Rahman b. Zaydan al-Alawi al-Meknasi (back row-center), and al-Tayyib al-Uqbi al-Jaza'iri (back row-left).

Tuesday, October 4, 2016

National Interfaith & Government Forum and American Muslim Intra-Faith Summit


Front Row: Dr. Muzammil Siddiqi, Imam Mohammed Ali Elahi, Dr. Sayyid Syeed
Back Row: Dr. John Andrew Morrow, Frank Kaufmann, Jibreel Delgado, Sadida Athaullah

On April 14 and 15, a number of religious organizations, including the Islamic Society of North America (ISNA), Shoulder to Shoulder, the Religious Action Center of Reform Judaism, the National Council of Churches, the Foundation for Ethnic Understanding, and the New Evangelical Partnership for the Common Good, met in Washington DC to hold a press conference along with a series of discussions as well as meetings with senior White House officials.

At the press conference, religious leaders spoke out against anti-Muslim bigotry and called for the defense of religious minority rights in the US. The conference included a reissuing of the Fiqh Council of America's 2005 fatwa against terrorism and, as a counterpart to the call for the defense of religious minority rights in the US, an expression of support for the recently announced Marrakesh Declaration on the rights of religious minorities in predominantly Muslim majority communities. The Declaration is based on the Constitution of Medina, a document delineating the rights and obligations of Muslims, Jews, Christians, and Arab polytheists in the time of the prophet Muhammad (d. 632).



The Intra-faith Summit was held at the United Methodist Building and focused on improving relations between Sunni and Shiʿite Muslim communities in the US. The conclusion of Shiʿite leaders at the meeting was that the onus is on the Sunni majority to ensure harmonious relations and community participation with the Shiʿite minority. It was suggested that English translations be circulated among American Islamic centers and referenced in Friday mosque sermons of the 1959 fatwa on Sunni-Shia reconciliation by Mahmud Shaltut (1893-1963), former Grand Imam of Azhar Mosque and University in Egypt, the leading global Sunni religious institution.

It was also suggested that the works of other leading Sunni scholars, such as the Egyptian Azhari scholar Muhammad Abu Zahra (1898-1974) and the recently deceased Iraqi scholar Taha Jabir al-Alwani (1935-2016), on Sunni-Shia reconciliation be made accessible through translation to the English-language American Muslim readership. Abu Zahra wrote a series of biographies on the founders of the major doctrinal schools and trends in Sunni and Shia Islam, including biographies of Ibn Hazm (994-1064) and the Shiʿite Imams Jaʿfar al-Sadiq (700-765) and Zayd ibn Ali (695-740). Regrettably, to this day only the biographies of the four traditional Sunni Imams have been translated into English, thereby defeating the very purpose of the biography series. While the recent issue of ISNA's magazine, Islamic Horizons, contained an article in tribute to Taha Jabir al-Alwani due to his recent passing, it remains to be seen whether any effort will be made to emphasize the intra-faith aspect of al-Alwani's legacy.



The forum and summit was concluded with a Friday prayer service at the Capitol Building and a dinner banquet at the Hilton Crystal City Hotel. The keynote speaker for the celebration banquet was Dr. John Esposito, professor of International Affairs and Islamic Studies and director of the Prince Alwaleed Center for Muslim–Christian Understanding at Georgetown University.


Tuesday, July 12, 2016

Fulbright U.S. Student Program Press Release

Fulbright U.S. Student Program Press Release
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
Contact: ECA Press Office

Telephone: 202-632-6445
Date: 05/06/15
Jibreel Delgado Receives Fulbright Award


Jibreel Delgado of The University of Arizona has been offered a Fulbright U.S. Student Program grant to Turkey in Area Studies, the United States Department of State and the J. William Fulbright Foreign Scholarship Board announced recently.

Delgado is one of over 1,900 U.S. citizens who will travel abroad for the 2015-2016 academic year through the Fulbright U.S. Student Program. Recipients of Fulbright grants are selected on the basis of academic and professional achievement, as well as demonstrated leadership potential.

The Fulbright Program is the flagship international educational exchange program sponsored by the U.S. government and is designed to increase mutual understanding between the people of the United States and the people of other countries. The primary source of funding for the Fulbright Program is an annual appropriation made by the U.S. Congress to the U.S. Department of State, Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs. Participating governments and host institutions, corporations and foundations in foreign countries and in the United States also provide direct and indirect support. Recipients ofFulbright grants are selected on the basis of academic or professional achievement, as well as demonstrated leadership potential in their fields. The Program operates in over 160 countries worldwide.

Since its establishment in 1946 under legislation introduced by the late U.S. Senator J. William Fulbright of Arkansas, the Fulbright Program has given approximately 360,000 students, scholars, teachers, artists, and scientists the opportunity to study, teach and conduct research, exchange ideas and contribute to finding solutions to shared international concerns.

Fulbright alumni have achieved distinction in government, science, the arts, business, philanthropy, education, and many other fields.  Fifty-three Fulbright alumni from 12 countries have been awarded the Nobel Prize, and 82 alumni have received Pulitzer Prizes. Prominent Fulbright alumni include: Muhammad Yunus, founder, Grameen Bank, and 2006 Nobel Peace Prize recipient; Juan Manuel Santos, President of Colombia;John Hope Franklin, noted American historian and Presidential Medal of Freedom recipient; Riccardo Giacconi, physicist and 2002 Nobel Laureate; Amar Gopal Bose, founder, Bose Corporation; Renée Fleming, soprano; Jonathan Franzen, writer; andDaniel Libeskind, architect.

Fulbright recipients are among over 50,000 individuals participating in U.S. Department of State exchange programs each year. The Fulbright U.S. Student Program is administered by the Institute of International Education.

For further information about the Fulbright Program or the U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs, please visit our website athttp://eca.state.gov/fulbright or contact Elaine Clayton, telephone 202-632-6452 or e-mailECA-Press@state.gov.
United States Department of State · Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs
Washington, DC · 20522
http://fulbright.state.gov